Minor Parties and Independents

As well as the major parties, minor parties and independents will also be seeking our votes in the upcoming election - so who are they and why are they important?

We know about the two major parties in Australian politics - the Liberal Party and the Australian Labor Party. But minor parties and independents will also be seeking our votes in the upcoming election - so who are they and why are they important?

Minor Parties

Minor parties are those without enough seats to form a government. There are minor parties with seats in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, as well as 20+ minor parties which don’t have seats in the current parliament.

Minor parties in the House of Representatives (Including the National Party governing in coalition with the Liberals)
Minor parties in the Senate


Independent candidates do not belong to a political party. They still act in the same way as members of political parties, representing an electorate in the house of representatives and a state or territory in the senate. There are currently three independents in the House of Representatives and no independents in the Senate.

Why are independents and minor parties important?

  1. Independents can hold major parties to account

Independents are able to vote on bills and introduce their own bills in parliament. If the ruling government has a very small majority in government, they can depend on independent members’ support to get bills through. And while independent members’ bills are often defeated in Parliament, at least it gets people talking! Zali Steggall’s Climate Change Bills are a good example of this.

  1. Minor parties and independents can be vital for the balance of power

In a system where a majority is needed in the House of Representatives to form a ruling government, minor parties can tip the balance of power. The Liberals would not be in government now if they didn’t have the Nationals!

Independent votes can also be vital. As the current government only has a majority of one vote in the House of Representatives, just three more independent members would be enough votes to force meaningful action on issues like the climate crisis. Check out It Takes 3 for more info on this.

  1. They can truly represent their communities

As they aren’t tied to the ideology of a party, independent members have the space to truly represent the views and needs of their communities. For example, Helen Haines, the current independent MP for Indi states that she “assesses each bill on its merits and works with all sides of politics to get the best outcomes for Indi”.

Keep reading

The Major Parties

Liberal and Labor (you might have heard of them) - how did they start and what do they stand for?

Read more

How to vote

Everything you need to know about making your vote count this election day!

Read more

Australia's Political System

How does our government actually work and who are we electing when we vote on May 21? We break it down.

Read more
Read more

Authorised by E. Hedding, Project Planet Australia Inc, Five Dock

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